Spoken Text Markup Language (STML) is an early set of markup codes and symbols for text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis for voice-enabled Web browsers and voice enabled e-mail. STML provides text description tags that describe the structure of the document, and speaker directive tags that control the emphasis, pitch, rate, and pronunciation of the text. STML and two other markup languages, Java Speech Markup Language (JSML) and Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML), were combined to form a single standard for speech syntheses markup called Sable. Sable was developed by a group of representatives from Edinburgh University, Bell Laboratories, British Telecom, AT&T, and Sun Microsystems.
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