SOA governance refers to the processes used to oversee and control the adoption and implementation of service-oriented architecture (SOA) in accordance with recognized practices, principles and government regulations. SOA governance provides optimum service quality, consistency, predictability and performance, ensures that personnel follow prescribed policies and corrects system problems or policy infractions as they occur.
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SOA governance consists of three major components: a registry, a policy and a testing procedure:
- SOA registry is an evolving catalog of information about the available services in the SOA implementation. The registry allows businesses to efficiently discover and communicate with each other.
- SOA policy is a set of behavioral restrictions intended to ensure that services remain consistent and do not conflict with each other. These constraints also ensure that good engineering practices, common-sense customer relations principles and government laws are followed. A specific person may be designated to grant occasional policy exceptions.
- SOA testing is a comprehensive schedule of audits and performance-monitoring procedures intended to ensure that the entire SOA solution is efficient, cost-effective, secure and up-to-date.