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BPEL in a cyclical scenario

Can BPEL be used in a cyclical scenario where three processes call each other sequentially? (i.e. client => A => B => C => A)

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To implement the scenario as described using BPEL, let's use a sequential order approval sequence where the order ID is used for correlating the instances of process A, B and C in the sequence. The document schema carrying the approvals for the order is represented as:

XML Schema:
    OrderApproval
        OrderId   (string)
        ApprovalA (string)
        ApprovalB (string)
        ApprovalC (string)
The pseudo BPEL code for processes A, B and C is:
process A:
    Begin
    Receive input OrderApproval
    Assign "Approved by CompanyA" to OrderApproval/ApprovalA
    Invoke service (process) B
    Wait for callback from C with correlation set to OrderId
    Assign OrderApproval to output
    Invoke output OrderApproval on client callback
    End
process B:
    Begin
    Receive input OrderApproval
    Assign "Approved by CompanyB" to OrderApproval/ApprovalB   
    Invoke service (process) C
    End
process C:
    Begin
    Receive input OrderApproval
    Assign "Approved by CompanyC" to OrderApproval/ApprovalC   
    Invoke service (process) A
    End
The sequence is instrumented by a client enacting process A, resulting in the call sequence A => B => C => A. See the diagrams FlowA, FlowB and FlowC for a visual representation of the executed flow in each of the three BPEL processes.

Flow A


Flow B


Flow C

This was first published in February 2004

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